iMAT Lecture: Towards the energy transition: how to turn carbon dioxide and water to carbon-neutral synthetic fuels

Dr. Teresa Andreu, Advanced Materials for Energy Area, Catalonia Institute for Energy Research (IREC) (Host: Anders Bentien)

2018.06.06 | Marianne Sommer

Date Fri 29 Jun
Time 10:15 11:00
Location Aud I (1514-213), Department of Chemistry, Langelandsgade 140, 8000 Aarhus C

Abstract:

An important approach towards an efficient and sustainable economy is storing the surplus of renewal energy into chemicals through water splitting and CO2 reduction, to convert them in carbon-neutral synthetic fuels. To this end, several technologies can be pursued, from photocatalysis, electrolysis or thermochemical conversion, and thus, catalysis is playing a major role in the activation of the stable water and carbon dioxide molecules. To find the suitable processes, together with new cheap and earth abundant nanocatalysts adaptability is mandatory for large scale industrialization and deployment of the novel technologies.

In this talk, it will be presented the recent advances in our laboratory in the production of solar fuels by photoelectrocatalysis and low temperature CO2 electrolysis as well as CO2 conversion from biogas by conventional thermocatalytic hydrogenation and plasma-catalysis. For upscaling the technology, a mandatory focus on the selectivity, productivity, costs and energy efficiency should be taken into account as well as a discussion on the intrinsic limitations of some of the processes, to look at the future challenges for its practical implementation to replace fossil fuels.

Lecture / talk